Most people think of is bunion as a bump on the side of the big toe or the fifth toe. However, a bunion forms. When the bony framework of your forefoot becomes malaligned. The bump on the side of the foot is just the visible portion of the malalignment of your joints. As a bunion forms. The big toe leans toward the second toe instead of pointing straight. This throws the other bones and joints of your foot out of alignment. This causes the ugly bump to be visible.
Some people are born with a faulty mechanical structure of the foot that makes one since susceptible to developing a bunion. Bunions are a progressive deformity that begin with returning out and rotation of the big toe that gradually gets more pronounced. High heel shoes and shoes with tight pointed toes can accelerate the formation of a bunion deformity. They may also make a bunion that is present more painful.
People with bunions may have symptoms of pain or soreness, redness or inflammation, a burning sensation or a numbness. As the big toe progresses in its malalignment. It may cause deformities in the second or other lesser toes. This may give symptoms of a painful callus on the top of the lesser toe or the bottom of the foot, calluses between the toes and restricted and painful motion of the big toe.
The presence of a bunion is relatively obvious. However, to fully evaluate the bunion deformity and your overall condition it is necessary to have your foot examined and evaluated by Dr. Scudday. He may take x-rays to help in his evaluation and assessment of the structural changes that have taken place in your foot. Once the overall condition and deformity have been evaluated, Dr. Scudday can recommend a treatment plan to alleviate her pain and keep you on your feet.
Because bunions are progressive, they won't go away, and will usually get worse over time. Sometimes, however, the best course of action initially is simply to observe the bunion and take steps to ease any pain. These steps can include changing shoe types, padding, activity modifications, medications, icing, treatment with steroids, and/or orthotic devices.
The treatments above won't reverse the deformity, though. If the pain of the bunion gets to the point that it interferes with daily activities, it may be time to discuss surgical options with your foot doctor. Surgery on bunions is common, advanced, and has a very high success rate.
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